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General News

Color-changing smart clothes will make you a chameleon

Fri, 18th May, 2018

May 15, 2018
Featured expert: Asimina Kiourti, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at The Ohio State University.

Category : General

Not quite a ‘double bind’ for minority women in science

Wed, 16th May, 2018

Study measures disadvantage based on race, gender and ethnicity

By: Jeff Grabmeier

Published on May 15, 2018

COLUMBUS, Ohio – Many studies have shown that both minority and women scientists face disadvantages in reaching the highest levels of their careers.

So it would make sense that minority women would face a “double bind” that would particularly disadvantage them.

But a new study using a massive database of scientific articles suggests that minority women actually face what might be called a “one-and-a-half bind.” They are still worse off than other groups, but their disadvantage is less than the disadvantage of being black or Hispanic plus the disadvantage of being a woman.

“There is less disadvantage than you would have thought if you simply added the penalties of being a minority and being a woman,” said Bruce Weinberg, co-author of the study and professor of economics at The Ohio State University.

The study appears in the May 2018 issue of AEA Papers and Proceedings.

The findings are particularly timely now, said study co-author Gerald Marschke, associate professor of economics at the University at Albany, State University of New York.

“The underrepresentation of women and minorities is a huge concern to policymakers and is the focus of many commissions and initiatives,” Marschke said.

The researchers used an innovative method to overcome one of the biggest issues in studying the careers of minority women.

“Because of the small number of minorities and the small number of women in some science careers, it is hard to study them, particularly with people who are members of both groups,” Weinberg said.

The researchers found a way around this problem by using a convention of the biomedical sciences to their advantage. In the journals where these scientists publish their results, the last author listed on an article is the principal investigator who supported the work and has the highest level of prestige.

“Being listed as the last author is the pinnacle of the research career and has a lot of status that goes along with it,” Weinberg said. So the researchers compared how many minorities and women were listed as last author on papers compared to white men.

The study used a massive database of 486,644 articles with two to nine authors published in medical journals by U.S. scientists between 1946 and 2009. Computer software categorized author names by race, ethnicity and gender.

This software also identified individual authors so that the researchers could follow how scientists’ authorship position on papers changed over the course of their careers.

Overall, results showed that the probability of being a last author – the prestige position – increased from 18 percent during the first four years of a scientist’s career to 37 percent after 25 and up to 29 years.

Black scientists were substantially less likely to be last authors compared to white men after five years into their careers, with a gap of 6 percentage points at 25 to 29 years.

The movement of women and Hispanics into last authorship was even slower, with a gap of 10 percentage points after 25 years in their career.

Marschke noted that women and minorities have fewer publications than white men and controlling for these differences can account for some of the gaps with white men.

“But even after controlling for experience differences you see these gaps,” Marschke said.

The researchers also did several statistical analyses to assess the impact of various factors on whether an author would have the last position on an article.

In one such analysis, they found that blacks were 0.4 percentage points less likely than white men to be the last author and women were about 4 percentage points less likely to be listed last.

Given that, it would have been reasonable to assume that the penalty for black women would be at least the sum of those two disadvantages, or 4.4 percentage points, Weinberg said.

But in fact, the findings showed black women were about 3.5 percentage points less likely than white men to receive the last authorship position.

“You lose something for being black and you lose something for being a woman. But you lose less than simply adding those two disadvantages together,” he said.

A similar result was found for Hispanic women.

This result was surprising, Weinberg said, partly because the two disadvantages could have been more than just additive.

“Our expectation, based on research that has been done on intersectionality, was that, if anything, the penalties of being a woman and being a minority could have compounded each other, and their position would have been even worse,” he said.

Marschke added: “Women who are minorities may feel isolated by their minority status, but unlike minority men, also face the strain of balancing careers and families like white women. But unlike white women, they also have to uphold their roles as women within their culture.”

The researchers are now investigating why they found these results and trying to determine if factors like the number of people on a research team and the source of funding may affect how women and minorities fare.

Along with Weinberg and Marschke, other co-authors were Allison Nunez and Huifeng Yu of the University at Albany, SUNY.

The researchers received funding from the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health and the National Bureau of Economic Research.

Category : General

AACN to honor Melnyk with Pioneering Spirit Award

Wed, 16th May, 2018

Bernadette Melnyk, vice president for health promotion and dean of the College of Nursing, was selected to be honored for extraordinary contributions to critical care and the mission and vision of the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) with the 2018 AACN Pioneering Spirit Award. This award recognizes significant contributions that influence high-acuity and critical care nursing. The presentation will occur during the 2018 National Teaching Institute and Critical Care Exposition.
Read more

Category : General

OSU tech could make smart textiles cheaper, more durable

Wed, 16th May, 2018


A new approach to smart textiles could lead to a host of new use cases and a level of durability that might make the technology much more attractive to adopt. A team led by John Volakis, director of the ElectroScience Laboratory at The Ohio State University, and Professor Asimina Kiourti is investigating a technology that uses machine embroidery to sew electronics, including circuits and antennas, directly onto textiles.


Category : General

Call for Abstracts: 4th Annual Healthcare Innovation and Entrepreneur Workshop

Tue, 8th May, 2018

Have an opportunity to showcase your work on improving the health and well-being of the world through healthcare innovation at the College of Nursing’s 4th Annual Healthcare Innovation and Entrepreneurship Workshop. We’re looking for excited individuals to share their innovation by presenting a poster and/or product during our cocktail reception on Thursday, September 13.

Abstract submissions (300 word limit) must include:

  • Background/significance of the problem
  • Purpose
  • Methods
  • Results (or projections)

Presentations will take place in 5-minute increments. Think – elevator pitch paired with speed dating. You’ll also have additional time for networking throughout the conference.

Abstracts must be submitted by June 15, 2018. An expert panel will review all applications received by the deadline.

Submit Your Abstract

Category : General

Women in STEMM Alumni Society

Thu, 26th April, 2018

In February 2018, the The Ohio State University Alumni Association approved the formation of the Women in STEMM Alumni Society, making them the 49th Society at OSU. The Society is open to any OSU alumni who support the increased representation of women in the STEMM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics and medicine) disciplines. The Society promotes the empowerment of women in the STEMM community by providing support, fellowship and the furtherance of professional relationships among the alumni, students, faculty, staff and friends of the Society. During the spring semester members participated in the following activities: Dinner with 12 Buckeyes, Community Clean-Up, Paint Night and WestFest Science & Technology Festival.

Membership dues are $30. Join by clicking here. Search the Women in STEMM Alumni Society Support Fund or fund number 316035. To join, make a donation of $30. For more information about joining the Society or for any other questions, please email Society Secretary, Cynthia Conner, cconner3789@wowway.com.

Category : General

Buckeye Bias Busters Collaboration

Thu, 26th April, 2018

Ohio State ADVANCE recently collaborated with the Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO) to create Buckeye Bias Busters, a workshop to examine implicit bias and offer action-based strategies for interrupting bias in technology spaces.

Buckeye Bias Busters evolved out of a train-the-trainer ADVANCE team members, Mary Juhas and Nicole Nieto, attended hosted by Google and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). Bias Busters@CMU is modeled on Google’s Bias Busting@Work program and was developed in concert with Google. The program was piloted in the School of Computer Science at CMU to engage with issues of bias, diversity and inclusion and is now widely facilitated across the university.

ADVANCE and the OCIO collaborated to create their own unique spin on this program. The training is currently being piloted with the OCIO. For more information, please email Nicole Nieto, nieto.12@osu.edu.

Category : General

SBIR Road Tour coming to Ohio State

Mon, 23rd April, 2018

The SBIR Road Tour is a national outreach effort to convey the non-dilutive technology funding opportunity provided through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs. The SBIR/STTR programs annually provide $2.5 billion in funding to small advanced technology firms to spur new technological discoveries and facilitate the commercialization of innovations. Registration is free for faculty and opened Friday, April 20th; the event will be held on Wednesday, June 20, 2018 at the Ohio Union.

Category : General

How To Increase Angel Funding For Women Entrepreneurs

Thu, 19th April, 2018

Forbes Article by , I write about the success factors of women entrepreneurs. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.

Funding is a challenge for early stage companies. It is especially difficult for female founders seeking equity financing. Men receive 9 times more equity financing  for their companies than women, according to High Growth Women-Owned Businesses’ Access to Capital commissioned by the National Women’s Business Council. Increasing the pool of angels willing to invest in women-led companies will improve the odds of success for female founders.

Heather Courtney

Next Wave Impact Fund Investors

One form of equity financing is angel investment. Angels invested $21.3 billion in 2016, according to the Center for Venture Research at the University of New Hampshire. An angel investor must be accredited, meaning she or he must generate an annual income of $200,000 ($300,000 as a couple) and/or have a minimum net worth of $1 million, in addition to their home. From 2006 to 2016, as the number of women angels has doubled, there has been a corresponding increase in the number of female founders getting funded — nearly doubling from 7,037 to 13,962.

Alicia Robb is a researcher and Ph.D. economist specializing in entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial finance. She also was a Senior Fellow at the Kauffman Foundation, writing two books on women entrepreneurs. Her research revealed several barriers to women and minorities who want to become angel investors:

  • not being asked
  • not knowing what angel investing is
  • not knowing other angel investor to work with
  • not seeing deal flow
  • not wanting to make a large investment. The median investment size is $25,000, according to Angel Capital Association. Because no single investment is a guaranteed winner, to be successful, angels invest in 10 to 20 companies over the course of 5 to 7 years

For the past couple of years, Robb has been testing a new model to remove those barriers and bring on more angel investors. The model —  learn by doing — is a well-known technique in which you learn through practice and iteration but it had not been applied to training up angel investors.

She formed a micro-investment firm, Next Wave Ventures, in which 90 new or relatively new women angel investors who are mentored by nine experienced women angel investors. Together they invest in a fund. The experienced investors lead deal flow, due diligence and making the investment decision. In the first fund, Rising Tide, 99 women invested $10,000 in the 10 U.S. companies over the course of a year. The Kauffman Foundation, which researches and advocates on behalf of entrepreneurs, underwrote the creation of the educational and training component, which is available to anyone.

“We’re rethinking the [angel] financing model,” said Robb. “Instead of seeking unicorns, we’re looking for zebras.” Unicorns are tech startups that scale relatively quickly into billion dollar plus companies. Along the way, “eight of 10 fail, one returns the investment and one is a home run,” said Robb. Zebras, on the other hand, are less likely to go bust, make both a financial and social return, and band together to support each other, according to the women — Jennifer Brandel, Astrid Scholz, Aniyia Williams and Mara Zepeda — who coined the term. Their goal is sustainable prosperity.

Zebras — which also tend to be started by women and under-represented groups —  mean less volatility in the overall portfolio. The idea is if more companies survive, even without a Facebook, Google or Uber, the overall portfolio will do better.

Category : General

Ohio State program encourages women to shine as entrepreneurs

Thu, 19th April, 2018

From Tech Transfer Central’s Tech Transfer eNews Blog:

A program at Ohio State University (OSU) is trying to close the gap between men and women entrepreneurs by helping female innovators overcome major challenges in the industry.

REACH for Commercialization is meant to provide insight into both the commercialization process and each woman’s individual management style. Participants are introduced to successful OSU female entrepreneurs and to the resources and personnel at the university’s Technology and Commercialization Office (TCO).

According to studies, female researchers are much less likely than men to obtain a patent, which is the first step of commercialization. Caroline Crisafulli, entrepreneur in residence at REACH, says that “women are less likely to start the process unless they have all the answers,” and that when it comes to entrepreneurship, “men are more aggressive about getting networks together.”

OSU grad student Ashanti Matlock says that REACH helped her resist the urge toward perfectionism and self-doubt, a trait that she believes a number of other women in the program also shared. By helping her to understand and develop her own approaches to challenges, REACH encouraged Matlock to focus on “acknowledging what I’m good at and building on that instead of what I’m not good at.”

Crisafulli adds that, because women often see things differently than men, a higher number of women entrepreneurs would mean adapting commercialization programs to their unique characteristics and challenges. While that may require some gender-specific outreach and programming, it’s by no mean an insurmountable barrier.

“Women don’t need to make themselves like men,” she says. “We need to embrace the wonderful attributes that we have. My personal opinion is that women can be phenomenal entrepreneurs.”

Source: Science

Category : General