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Elsevier Examines Gender in the Global Research Landscape

Posted: July 26, 2017

Elsevier’s comprehensive report on research performance through a gender lens, Gender in the Global Research Landscape, spans 20 years, 12 geographies and 27 disciplines.

This global study draws upon data and analytics, a unique gender disambiguation methodology, and involvement of global experts.

A launch event was held in Washington, DC in March 2017 at the National Press Club. Watch a video of the event here.

Download the report here.


Category : General

Alabama Woman Stuck In NYC Traffic In 1902 Invented The Windshield Wiper

Posted: July 26, 2017

From NPR, July 25, 2017

Even the most commonplace devices in our world had to be invented by someone.

Take the windshield wiper. It may seem hard to imagine a world without windshield wipers, but there was one, and Mary Anderson lived in that world.

In 1902, Anderson was visiting New York City.

“She was riding a streetcar and it was snowing,” says the Rev. Sara-Scott Wingo, rector of Emmanuel Episcopal Church in Richmond, Va., and Anderson’s great-great-niece. Wingo never met Anderson, but the story of the invention was passed down to her.

Wingo says while Anderson was riding the streetcar that snowy day, “She observed that the streetcar driver had to get out and continually clean off the windshield.”

Naturally, that caused delays, and got Anderson wondering: What if there were some sort of blade that could wipe off the windshield without making the driver get out of the streetcar?

Anderson went back to Birmingham, made a sketch of her device, and wrote up a description of it. Then she applied for a patent.

The patent application describes how the wiper was to be operated by a handle inside the vestibule of the motor car, and be easily removable — “thus leaving nothing to mar the usual appearance of the car during fair weather,” according to patent language.

Wingo says her great-great-aunt tried to interest manufacturing firms in making this device for the emerging motorcar industry, but got no takers. A letter from the firm of Dinning and Eckenstein is one of Wingo’s prized possessions.

“Dear madam,” the letter begins,” We beg to acknowledge receipt of your recent favor with reference to the sale of your patent. In reply, we regret to state we do not consider it to be of such commercial value as would warrant our undertaking its sale.”

Alabama native Mary Anderson (1866-1953) is credited with inventing the first operational windshield wiper.

Encylopedia of Alabama

“They missed out,” says Wingo. “Don’t you think?”

Wingo doesn’t know for sure why Anderson’s invention never went anywhere, but she suspects it might have been because Anderson was such an independent woman.

“She didn’t have a father; she didn’t have a husband and she didn’t have a son,” Wingo says. “And the world was kind of run by men back then.”

It doesn’t seem as if Mary Anderson was the sort of woman to be crushed by the rejections. She lived another 50 years, long enough to see windshield wipers become ubiquitous.

Certainly Anderson’s accomplishments loom large for Wingo and her family.

“We’re all really proud of her,” says Wingo. “I have three daughters. We talk about Mary Anderson a lot. And we all sort of feel like we want to be open and receptive to sort of our own Mary Anderson moments.”

If Anderson didn’t get any money for her invention, at least she finally got some credit. In 2011 she was inducted into the Inventors Hall of Fame.

Category : General

Two Nursing PhD Candidates Awarded F31 Grants

Posted: July 26, 2017

Two PhD candidates in the Ohio State College of Nursing have been awarded Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award Individual Predoctoral Fellowships, also known as F31 grants, from the National Institutes of Health / National Institute of Nursing Research (NIH / NINR).

Randi Bates, a certified nurse practitioner and PhD candidate, has been awarded an F31 grant for her study, “The influence of early life contexts on child self-regulation: A key to lifecourse wellness.” The study deals with identifying chronic or persistent stress in young children, “with contextual markers, behavior (self-regulation), or with a biomeasure (cortisol) in hair,” Bates stated. During her PhD studies at Ohio State, Bates also earned her MS in Nursing, Family Nurse Practitioner. She is sponsored for this fellowship by Jodi Ford, PhD, RN, of the College of Nursing, Pamela Salsberry, PhD, RN, FAAN, of the College of Public Health and Laura Justice, PhD, of the Crane Center for Early Childhood Education and Policy / College of Education and Human Ecology.

Marliese Nist, who holds a BSN and an MS in Nursing Science from Ohio State, was awarded an F31 for her study, “Inflammatory Mediators of Stress Exposure and Neurodevelopment in Very Preterm Infants.” The objective of this study is to examine the indirect effect of stress exposure on neurodevelopment, mediated by inflammation, a potentially modifiable factor. “The goal is to provide evidence that can be used to improve the long-term outcomes of preterm infants,” Nist said. Nist’s sponsors are Rita Pickler,PhD, RN, FAAN;  Tondi Harrison PhD, RN, CPNP, FAAN and Deborah Steward, PhD, RN, all from the College of Nursing.

Another PhD candidate, Lisa Blair, received an F31 grant in August of 2016, making a total of three PhD Nursing students at Ohio State currently supported by F31 grants. Her sponsors are Cindy Anderson, PhD, RN, FAAN and Rita Pickler from the College of Nursing.

“Randi and Marliese are carrying on a strong tradition at the OSU College of Nursing in their successful bids to obtain this highly competitive and prestigious NIH award. As T32 fellows, they have acquired quite a bit of research training; their new awards provide them further opportunity to develop advanced research skills and knowledge,” said PhD Program Director Rita Pickler. “These awards are quite an honor for our students and their sponsors as well as the college.”

The NIH awards F31 grants to provide predoctoral students with supervised research training in specified health and health-related areas leading toward the research degree. The NIH states that the purpose of the F31 award is “to enable promising predoctoral students to obtain individualized, mentored research training from outstanding faculty sponsors while conducting dissertation research in scientific health-related fields relevant to the missions of the participating NIH Institutes and Centers.”

Category : General

New American Academy of Nursing Fellows Announced

Posted: July 26, 2017

The American Academy of Nursing (AAN) has selected three Ohio State University College of Nursing faculty members, Michele Christina Balas, PhD, RN, CCRN-K, FCCM; Lynn Gallagher-Ford, PhD, RN, NE-BC, DPFNAP and Janine Overcash, PhD, GNP-BC, FAANP, to be inducted in its 2017 class of Academy Fellows.

The inductees will be honored at a ceremony to be held during the AAN’s annual policy conference, Transforming Health, Driving Policy, which will take place October 5-7, 2017 in Washington, D.C.

“I am proud to welcome this talented cohort of nurses as they join the ranks of the nation’s foremost health care thought leaders,” said AAN President, Bobbie Berkowitz, PhD, RN, NEA-BC, FAAN. “They bring a rich variety of expertise to the table, and we look forward to recognizing their accomplishments at our policy conference, and then working with them to transform health policy, practice and research by applying our collective nursing knowledge.”

Balas, Gallagher-Ford and Overcash will be inducted as AAN Fellows along with 170 other highly distinguished nurse leaders. With the addition of this new class, the total number of AAN Fellows stands at over 2,500. Representing all 50 states, the District of Columbia and 29 countries, the Fellows are nurse leaders in education, management, practice, policy and research. AAN Fellows include hospital and government administrators, college deans and renowned scientific researchers.

Fellow selection criteria include evidence of significant contributions to nursing and health care and sponsorship by two current AAN Fellows. Applicants are reviewed by a panel comprised of elected and appointed Fellows, and selection is based, in part, on the extent the nominee’s nursing career has influenced health policies and the health and wellbeing of all.

2017 Class of AAN Fellows from Ohio include:

Michele Christina Balas, PhD, RN, CCRN-K, FCCM – The Ohio State University

Lynn Gallagher-Ford, PhD, RN, NE-BC, DPFNAP – The Ohio State University

Scott A. Hutton, PhD, MBA, RN – Department of Veterans Affairs

Janine Overcash, PhD, GNP-BC, FAANP – The Ohio State University

Melissa Ann Stec, DNP, APRN, CNM, FACNM – University of Cincinnati

Category : General

Can a Psychological Intervention Help You Be Better at Math?

Posted: July 19, 2017

Ellen Peters, professor of psychology and director of Ohio State’s Decision Sciences Collaborative, is lead author of a new study finding that a psychological intervention developed to help students cope and learn more in a tough statistics course also helped them improve their math literacy, otherwise known as ‘numeracy.’ The results indicate that confidence and core values have a lot to do with learning the numbers.

Category : General

Dean Melnyk Receives 2017 Sharp Cutting Edge Award

Posted: July 19, 2017

Bernadette Melnyk, PhD, RN, CPNP/PMHNP, FAANP, FAAN, FNAP, of Columbus, Ohio, will be honored with the American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) 2017 Sharp Cutting Edge Award at an awards ceremony and reception held during the AANP 2017 National Conference June 20-25, 2017, in Philadelphia, PA. Melnyk is vice president for health promotion, university chief wellness officer, and dean and professor of the College of Nursing at The Ohio State University.

The Sharp Cutting Edge Award was created in 1996 in honor of Nancy J. Sharp, MSN, RN, FAAN, a strong supporter of the NP role and a leader in national nursing organizations. “Recipients of the Sharp Award have shown leadership through innovative services, technologies or advocacy activities that advanced NP practice and patient care on a national level,” the AANP recently stated. “Throughout her career as an NP, Dr. Melnyk has endeavored to assure NPs receive excellent education while representing NPs at the highest level of our nation’s health care policy arena.” Read more about the award here.

The American Association of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) is the largest professional membership organization for NPs of all specialties. It represents the interests of more than 222,000 NPs, including approximately 72,000 individual members and 200 organizations, providing a unified networking platform and advocating for their role as providers of high-quality, cost-effective, comprehensive, patient-centered and personalized health care. The organization provides legislative leadership at the local, state and national levels, advancing health policy; promoting excellence in practice, education and research; and establishing standards that best serve NP patients and other health care consumers. For more information, visit aanp.org.

Category : General

REACH 2017 Cohort Member Leading Drug Discovery to Improve Cancer Treatment

Posted: July 5, 2017

Ozlem Dogan Ekici, Ohio State Newark assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry, and several of her students are conducting drug discovery research, which could extend or save the lives of those suffering from multiple myeloma. Multiple myeloma is a blood cancer that develops in the plasma cells found in bone marrow.
Read more

Category : General