Ohio State ADVANCE
The Ohio State University

Gender Equity and STEMM

Gender Equity and STEMM  – Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Medicine

The STEMM disciplines are drivers of innovation and growth, and the full participation of women and men is needed to fuel Ohio State’s commitment to economic progress for the state and the nation.

Despite making up nearly half the workforce, women hold less than 25% of STEM jobs. Why So Few? Women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics notes that women are underrepresented among tenured STEM faculty relative to the number of women earning PhDs in these fields. Women make up an even smaller share of tenured faculty in engineering (7.2%), the physical sciences (13.7%) and computer and information sciences (20.6%) (AAUW 2010).

Research shows that women, particularly those from underrepresented groups, face systemic barriers within STEM fields, including stereotypes, implicit bias, lack of informal networks and mentoring, work-life balance challenges, and cultural issues in academic STEM units. To be successful in creating the next generation of scientists and engineers, colleges and universities must address social and environmental factors that impede the progress of women and underrepresented groups in these fields. Institutions of higher education are increasingly committed to gender equity, diversity, and inclusion to transform workplace culture, attract and retain diverse students, faculty, and staff, and drive research and innovation to meet the needs of society.

Learn more about gender equity and STEMM using the resources below.

American Association of University Women (AAUW), Why So Few? Women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

AAUW’s report and accompanying presentations present in-depth profiles of eight key research findings that point to environmental and social barriers — including stereotypes, gender bias, and the climate of science and engineering departments in colleges and universities — that continue to block women’s progress in STEM. The report also includes up-to-date statistics on girls’ and women’s achievement and participation in these areas and offers new ideas for what each of us can do to more fully open scientific and engineering fields to girls and women.

Tutorials for Change by Virginia Valian: Gender Schemas and Science Careers

Virginia Valian integrates research from psychology, sociology, economics, and neuropsychology to understand why women do not advance in their careers at the same rate as men. Visit Tutorials for Change for research-based information on the role of gender in science.

National Science Foundation ADVANCE Program

The goal of the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) ADVANCE program is to increase the representation and advancement of women in academic science and engineering careers, contributing to the development of a more diverse science and engineering workforce. Since 2001, NSF has invested over $130 million to support ADVANCE projects at more than one-hundred institutions of higher education and related not-for-profit organizations.


The ADVANCE Portal hosted by Virginia Tech is a comprehensive gateway to the activities and resources of NSF ADVANCE grant institutions.